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What is Macular Degeneration (ARMD)?


What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)?

  • Genetically determined weakening of the cells in the central retina called macula
  • Deterioration of cones, rods and retinal pigment epithelial cells
  • Cellular malfunction and death

What are the Symptoms?

  • Early stages are asymptomatic or show diminished adjustment from light to dark
  • As the condition progresses blurring and reading difficulties begin
  • Generally the progression is very slow
  • In late phases all central vision is lost

The Cell Story

  • RPE cells have a very high rate of metabolism and oxidation
  • Rods and cones create metabolic debris which cells have to remove or die from choking
  • Deposits of debris form Drusen is an early sign of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Molecular Level
  • High PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids) content in the retinal cells
  • PUFA oxidize under influence of light and oxygen and release free radicals
  • Ultraviolet and blue wave lengths promote oxidation

What are the Retinal Natural Antioxidants?

  • Vitamins E and C and Glutathione
  • Enzymes superoxide Desmutase and Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Carotenoids Zeaxanthin and Luteine
  • Beta Carotene is not normally present in the eye

Types of Macular Degeneration

  • Drusen and early pigment
  • Dry Macular Degeneration
  • Wet Macular Degeneration
  • Hemorrhagic form
  • Disciform or scarred form

Early Dry AMD

  • For diagnosis need complete eye examination
  • 90% of all Macular Degeneration cases remains dry

Wet or Hemorrhagic AMD

  • 10 to 15% of patients with Macular Degeneration will develop Wet Stage
  • Most will progress to Hemorrhagic Stage and then later to Cicatritial Stage These statistics are improving as more people are getting educated and applying what they learn.

Other Recommended Web Sites

  • www.eye-associates.com - Information on the Ophthalmologists who formulated NutriVision™ Complete
  • ARED's National Eye Institute Health Website
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